A Day In
History - September
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Events and birthdays around the world
on this day . . .
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In 69 Traditional date of the destruction of Jerusalem.
In 1159 Adrian IV only English pope (1154-59), dies (birth date unknown).
In 1557 Jacques Cartier French explorer, dies (birth date unknown).
In 1666 Great London Fire begins in Pudding Lane. 80% of London is
In 1715 Louis XIV the great, king of France (1643-1715), dies at 76.
In 1859 RC Carrington and R Hodgson make 1st observation of solar flare.
In 1870 Napoleon III captured at Sedan.
In 1874 Sydney General Post Office opens.
In 1875 Edgar Rice Burroughs, novelist (Tarzan, John Carter Of Mars
In 1914 St Petersburg, Russia changes name to Petrograd.
In 1922 Yvonne De Carlo, Vancouver BC, actress (Lily Munster in the
In 1923 Rocky Marciano, heavyweight champion boxer (1952-56), born.
In 1928 Albania becomes a kingdom, with Zogu I as king.
In 1939 Physical Review publishes 1st paper to deal with black holes.
In 1939 WW II starts, Germany invades Poland, takes Danzig.
In 1945 Japan surrenders ending WW II (US date, 9/2 in Japan).
In 1948 UN's World Health Organization forms.
In 1951 US, Australia and New Zealand sign ANZUS treaty.
In 1957 Gloria Estefan, Cuba, singer, born.
In 1962 10,000 die in an earthquake in western Iran.
In 1962 UN announces Earth population has hit 3 billion.
In 1969 Libyan revolution, Col Moammar Gadhafi deposes King Idris.
In 1971 Qatar declares independence from Britain.
In 1979 Pioneer 11 makes 1st fly-by of Saturn, discovers new moon, rings.
In 1982 Palestinian Liberation Organization leaves Lebanon.
In 1983 Korean Boeing 747 strays into Siberia and is shot down by a
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In 490 BC Phidippides runs first marathon, to announce
the victory of Sparta over Persia.
In 31 BC Battle of Actium; Octavian defeats Mark Antony and becomes
In 1620 The Mayflower sets sail from Plymouth with 102 Pilgrims.
In 1666 Great Fire of London starts; destroys St. Paul's Church.
In 1752 Last day of Julian calendar in Britain, British colonies.
In 1804 K. L. Harding discovers Juno, third known asteroid.
In 1838 Queen Liliuokalani, last queen of Hawaii (1891-93)
In 1853 Wilhelm Ostwald, German physical chemist (Nobel 1909)
In 1898 Lord Kitchener retakes Sudan for Britain.
In 1936 First transatlantic round-trip air flight.
In 1945 Vietnam declares independence from France (National Day).
In 1945 V-J Day; formal surrender of Japan aboard USS Missouri.
In 1952 Jimmy Connors, tennis player
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- In 590 St Gregory I begins his reign as Catholic Pope.
In 1189 England's King Richard I (the Lion-Hearted) crowned in
In 1596 Nicolo Amati, Italy, violin maker (Stradivari and
In 1658 James I king of England (1603-25), dies at 92.
In 1658 Lord Oliver Cromwell British king (1653-58), dies at 59.
In 1752 This day never happened nor the next 10 days as England
adopts Gregorian Calendar. People riot thinking the govt stole 11 days
of their lives.
In 1757 Charles X, Versailles, France, Duke of Prussia, born.
In 1900 British annex Natal (South Africa).
In 1914 Cardinal Giacome della Chiesa becomes Pope Benedict XV.
In 1916 Allies turned back Germans in WW I's Battle of Verdun.
In 1939 Britain declares war on Germany. France follows 6 hours
later quickly joined by Australia, New Zealand, South Africa and Canada.
In 1940 Pauline Collins, London England, actress (Shirley
In 1940 US gives Britain 50 destroyers in exchange for
Newfoundland base lease.
In 1943 Allies invade Italy.
In 1945 Japanese forces in the Philippines surrender to Allies.
In 1954 Pope Pius X canonized a saint.
In 1962 e. e. cummings poet, dies at 67.
In 1965 Charlie Sheen, actor (Wall St, Platoon), born.
In 1969 Ho Chi Minh North Vietnamese president, dies.
In 1971 Qatar regains complete independence from Britain.
In 1976 Viking 2 soft lands on Mars (Utopia), returns photos.
In 1978 Crew of Soyuz 31 returns to Earth aboard Soyuz 29.
In 1991 Frank Capra director (It's a Wonderful Life), dies at 94.
- In 0476 Romulus Augustulus, last Roman emperor in west, is
In 1609 Navigator Henry Hudson discovered the island of
In 1768 Francois Ren, de Chateaubriand, French poet, novelist,
In 1781 Los Angeles founded in the Valley of Smokes (Indian
In 1802 Marcus Whitman, missionary
In 1824 Anton Bruckner (in Austria), Wagner disciple
In 1833 The first newsboy in the US hired (Barney Flaherty), by
the NY Sun.
In 1846 Daniel Burnham, American architect, built skyscrapers
In 1870 French republic proclaimed.
In 1872 Darius Milhaud, composer
In 1886 Geronimo, Apache indian, finally surrenders ending last
major US-Indian war.
In 1888 George Eastman patents first rollfilm camera and
In 1901 Paul Osborn, playwright
In 1908 Richard Wright, American author (Native Son, Uncle Tom's
In 1911 Garros sets world altitude record of 4,250 m (13,944 ft).
In 1917 Henry Ford II, businessman
In 1920 Last day of Julian civil calendar (in parts of Bulgaria).
In 1949 Tom Watson, Golfer
In 1957 Ford Motor Co. introduced the Edsel! (Oh boy !)
In 1964 NASA launches its first Orbital Geophysical Observatory
In 1970 George Harrison releases "My Sweet Lord"
In 1972 American swimmer Mark Spitz becomes the first athlete to
win seven olympic gold medals.
In 1980 Iraqi troops seized Iranian territory in a border
In 1187 Louis VIII [Coeur-de-Lion] king of France
In 1638 Louis XIV the great, king of France (1643-1715), born.
In 1847 Jesse James Missouri, outlaw, born.
In 1836 Sam Houston elected president of the Republic of Texas.
In 1900 France proclaims a protectorate over Chad.
In 1940 Raquel Welch Chic (Myra Breckenridge, 1,000,000 BC, 100
In 1946 Freddie Mercury, singer, born.
In 1958 1st color video recording on magnetic tape presented,
Charlotte North Carolina, USA.
In 1960 Cassius Clay captures the Olympic light heavyweight gold
In 1972 11 Israeli athletes are slain at Munich Olympics.
In 1990 Iraqi Pres Saddam Hussein urges Arabs to rise against the
In 1991 US trial of former Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega begins.
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In 1620 Pilgrims set sail from Plymouth England to
the New World.
In 1701 James II king of England (1685-88), dies at 68.
In 1901 Pres William McKinley assassinated by Leon Czologosz in
Buffalo, New York.
In 1947 Roger Waters, singer (Pink Floyd), born.
In 1948 Juliana becomes queen of the Netherlands.
In 1960 Michael Winslow, actor/comedian (Police Academy), born.
In 1966 "Star Trek" premiers on NBC TV.
In 1966 Dr. Verwoerd South African PM, assassinated in assembly.
In 1968 Swaziland gains independence from Britain (National Day).
In 1991 USSR recognizes independence of the 3 Baltic republics
(Estonia, Lithuania and Latvia).
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In 1533 Queen Elizabeth I England, (1558-1603)
daughter of Henry VIII, born.
In 1714 Treaty of Baden-French retain Alsace, Austria gets right bank
In 1726 Francois-Andre Philidor, France, chess champion/musician,
In 1822 Brazil declares independence from Portugal (National Day).
In 1880 Geo Ligowsky patents device to throw clay pigeons for trap
In 1913 Anthony Quayle England, actor (Anne of 1000 Days, Lawrence of
In 1914 James Van Allen, discovered Van Allen radiation belts, born.
In 1936 Buddy Holly singer (Peggy Sue, That'll Be the Day), born.
In 1949 Gloria Gaynor Newark NJ, disco singer (I Will Survive), born.
In 1950 Chrissie Hynde, rocker (Pretenders), born.
In 1954 Corbin Bernsen North Hollywood California, actor (Arnie
Becker-LA Law), born.
In 1986 Desmond Tutu installed to lead south African Anglican Church.
In 1991 Monica Seles wins the US Open.
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In 1100 Clement III 1st antipope (1084-1100), dies (birth date
In 1157 Richard I [Richard the Lion Hearted], King of England (1189-99),
In 1522 Spanish navigator Juan de Elcano returns to Spain, completes 1st
circumnavigation of globe, expedition begins under Ferdinand Magellan.
In 1553 City of Lichfield, England established.
In 1565 1st permanent settlement in US forms (St Augustine, Florida).
In 1565 Turkish siege of Malta broken by Maltese and Knights of St John.
In 1841 Antonin Dvorak, Nelahozeves, Czechoslovakia, composer (New World
In 1925 Peter Sellers England, actor (Pink Panther, Being There, Goon
In 1921 1st Miss America crowned (Margaret Gorman of Washington DC).
In 1924 Alexandra Kollontai of Russia becomes 1st woman ambassador.
In 1930 1st appearance of the comic strip "Blondie".
In 1932 Patsy Cline Va, country singer (Walkin' After Midnight), born.
In 1939 Franklin D. Rooseveldt declares "limited national
emergency" due to war in Europe.
In 1943 Italy surrenders to the allies in WW II.
In 1952 Ernest Hemmingway's "Old Man and the Sea" published.
In 1966 "Star Trek" premiers on NBC-TV.
In 1967 Uganda abolishes traditional tribal kingdoms, becomes a republic.
In 1973 1st all Australian women's US Open final, (Margaret Court beats
In 1990 Ellis Island Historical Site opens on Ellis Island, NYC.
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In 701 St. Sergius I ends his reign as Catholic Pope.
In 1087 William I, The Conqueror, King of England and Duke of Normandy,
In 1513 Battle of Flodden Fields; English defeat James IV of Scotland.
In 1585 Cardinal A Jean de Plessicide de Richelieu, King Louis XIII of
France's chief minister, born.
In 1754 William Bligh nasty ship's captain and New South Wales governor
(HMS Bounty), born.
In 1776 Continental Congress renames "United Colonies",
In 1828 Leo Tolstoy Russia, novelist (War and Peace, Anna Karenina),
In 1853 Frederick R Spofforth Australia, cricketer (Demon), born.
In 1867 Luxembourg gains independence.
In 1890 Harland Sanders, Kentucky Fried Chicken founder/colonel, born.
In 1892 EE Barnard at Lick discovers Amalthea, 5th Jupiter moon.
In 1900 James Hilton, hotel magnate (Hilton Hotels), born.
In 1941 Otis Redding, Georgia, rocker (Sitting on the Dock of the Bay),
In 1943 Roger Waters, (Pink Floyd-The Wall), born.
In 1944 Allied forces liberate Luxembourg from Nazis.
In 1944 Bulgaria liberated from Nazi control (National Day).
In 1945 Japanese in S Korea, Taiwan, China, Indochina surrender to
In 1948 People's Democratic Republic of Korea proclaimed.
In 1951 Michael Keaton, actor (Pacific Heights, Batman, Multiplicity),
In 1952 Dave Stewart, rocker (Eurythmics-Here Comes the Rain Again),
In 1956 Elvis Presley appears on national TV for 1st time (Ed
In 1965 Tibet is made an autonomous region of China.
In 1967 1st successful test flight of a Saturn V.
In 1971 John Lennon releases the "Imagine" album.
In 1975 Viking 2 launched toward orbit around Mars, soft landing.
In 1976 Mao Tse-Tung, Chinese communist party chairman (1949-76), dies
In 1977 1st TRS-80 computer sold.
In 1983 Radio Shack announces their color computer 2 (the Coco2).
In 1990 Bush and Gorbachev meet in Helsinki and urge Iraq to leave
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In 1487 Julius III Counter-Reformation pope (1550-55),
In 1823 Simon Bolivar named president of Peru.
In 1839 Isaac Kauffman Funk US, publisher (Funk and Wagnalls), born.
In 1846 Elias Howe patents the sewing machine.
In 1872 Ranjitsinhji Vibhaji India, cricketer/politician, born.
In 1907 Fay Wray Alberta Canada, actress-King Kong's main squeeze, born.
In 1919 NYC welcomes home Gen John J Pershing and 25,000 WW I soldiers.
In 1929 Arnold Palmer golfer (PGA Golfer of the Year 1960, 1962), born.
In 1933 Yevgeny V Khrunov USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 5), born.
In 1945 Jose Feliciano, singer/songwriter (Light my Fire), born.
In 1957 Siobhan Fahey rocker (Bananarama), born.
In 1967 Gibraltar votes 12,138 to 44 to remain British.
In 1974 Guinea-Bissau gains independence from Portugal.
In 1989 East Germans begin their flight to the west (via Hungary and
In 1990 19 year old Pete Sampras beats Andre Agassi to win the US Open.
In 1990 Hard Rock Cafe opens in Las Vegas Nevada.
In 1990 Samuel Kanyon Doe president of Liberia, assassinated.
In 1990 Iran agrees to resume diplomatic ties with Iraq.
In 1991 Yves Montand actor (Lets Make Love, Z), dies at 70.
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In 1609 Henry Hudson discovers Manhattan island.
In 1709 English, Dutch and Austrians defeat French in Battle of
In 1875 1st newspaper cartoon strip.
In 1885 David Herbert "DH" Lawrence England, writer (Lady
Chatterly's Lover), born.
In 1917 Ferdinand Marcos Philippines Pres (1965-86), born.
In 1932 Valentino, Milan Italy, fashion designer (Jacqueline Kennedy
In 1935 Gherman Titov USSR, 1st man to spend a day in space (Vostok 2),
In 1941 FDR orders any Axis ship found in American waters be shot on
In 1960 The 17th Olympic games close in Rome.
In 1961 Virginia Madsen Chicago Ill, actress (Dune, Highlander, Class),
In 1961 Bob Dylan's 1st NY performance.
In 1965 Beatles' "Help!", album goes #1 and stays #1 for 9
In 1971 Nikita Khrushchev dies of a heart attack at 77.
In 1973 Chile's President, Salvador Allende, deposed in a military
In 1987 Lorne Greene actor (Bonanza, Battlestar Galactica), dies at 72.
In 1988 Peter Tosh reggae singer shot dead at 43 in Jamaica.
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In In 490 B.C. Athenians defeat second Persian invasion
of Greece at Marathon.
In In 1609 English explorer Henry Hudson enters the Hudson River
In In 1649 Drogheda, Ireland falls to Puritan troops; inhabitants
In In 1758 Charles Messier observes the Crab Nebula and begins catalog.
In In 1818 Richard Jordan Gatling, US inventor of hand-cranked machine
In In 1829 Charles Dudley Warner, US newspaperman, author, born.
In In 1852 H.H. Asquith (Liberal), British prime minister (1908-16),
In In 1880 Henry L. Mencken, newspaperman, critic, Baltimore's son,
In In 1888 Maurice Chevalier, actor, singer (Gigi), ultimate Frenchman,
In In 1902 Margaret Hamilton, actor (Wizard of Oz), played Wicked Witch
of the West, born.
In In 1913 Jesse Owens, athlete, spoiled Hitler's Olympic plans in
In In 1921 Amilcar Cabral, worked for independence of Portuguese
In In 1921 Stanislaw Lem, Polish science-fiction writer, born.
In In 1928 Katharine Hepburn makes her New York stage debut in
In In 1941 First German ship in WW2 captured by US ship (Busko).
In In 1944 Barry White, singer, born.
In In 1953 Khrushchev becomes First Secretary of the Communist Party.
In In 1959 "Bonanza" premieres -- in Color.
In In 1959 Luna 1 launched by USSR; first spacecraft to impact on the
In In 1966 "The Monkees" premieres.
In In 1966 Gemini XI is launched.
In 1970 USSR launches Luna 16; returns samples from lunar Sea of
In In 1974 Coup overthrows Emperor Haile Selassie in Ethiopia (National
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In 1321 Death of Dante Alighieri, author of the Divine
In 1583 Dante Alighieri Day.
In 1755 Oliver Evans, pioneered the high-pressure steam engine, born.
In 1759 Wolfe defeats Montcalm on Plains of Abraham; Canada becomes
In 1788 New York City becomes the capitol of the United States.
In 1819 Clara Wieck Schumann, German pianist, composer, born.
In 1851 Walter Reed, who proved mosquitoes transmit yellow fever, born.
In 1857 Milton S. Hershey, US chocolate manufacturer, philanthropist,
In 1874 Arnold Schoenberg, composer, born.
In 1882 Britain invades Egypt.
In 1906 First airplane flight in Europe.
In 1934 Barbara Bain (in Chicago, IL), actor (Mission Impossible,
Space: 1999), born.
In 1938 Judith Martin, etiquet authority, "Miss Manners",
In 1941 Jaqueline Bisset (in England), actor (Deep), born.
In 1941 Oscar Arias Sanchez, president of Costa Rica (1986- ) (Nobel
In 1959 Soviet Lunik 2 becomes first human-made object to crash on
In 1961 "Car 54 Where are You?" premieres.
In 1963 "The Outer Limits" premieres.
In 1965 Beatles release "Yesterday."
In 1970 IBM announces System 370 computer.
In 1971 9 hostages and 28 prisoners die in take over a Attica State
In 1977 First TV viewer discretion warning - "Soap".
In 1977 Second test of the Space Shuttle Enterprise.
In 1979 According to South Africa, Venda gains independence. Not
recognized as an independent country outside of South Africa.
In 1982 Princess Grace of Monaco dies at 52 in a car crash.
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In 1752 England and colonies adopt Gregorian calendar, 11
days disappear, rioting ensues.
In 1812 Napoleon occupies Moscow.
In 1849 Ivan Pavlov, Russia, physiologist/pioneer in psychology, born.
In 1852 Arthur Wellesley General/Duke of Wellington, dies at 83.
In 1864 Lord Cecil of Chelwood, UK, helped form League of Nations (early
version of the UN), born.
In 1899 Hal Wallis movie producer (Maltese Falcon, Barefoot in the Park),
In 1899 Henry Bliss becomes 1st automobile fatality.
In 1917 Provisional government of Russia established, Republic
In 1938 Graf Zeppelin II, world's largest airship, makes maiden flight.
In 1938 Walter Koenig Chicago Ill, actor (Chekov-Star Trek), born.
In 1973 Israel shoots down 13 Syrian MIG-21s.
In 1974 Charles Kowal discovers Leda, 13th satellite of Jupiter.
In 1982 Grace Kelly princess of Monaco, dies at 52 in a car crash.
In 1989 Calagary Flames become 1st NHL team to play in USSR, win 4-2.
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In 53 Trajan, 13th Roman emperor (98-117), conqueror of
In 1613 Francoise duc de la Rochefoucald Paris France, writer (Memoires),
In 1620 Mayflower departs from Plymouth, England with 102 pilgrims.
In 1821 Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua gain
In 1890 Dame Agatha Christie mystery writer (Murder on the Orient
In 1894 Japan defeats China in Battle of Ping Yang.
In 1904 Umberto II king of Italy (1946), born.
In 1907 Fay Wray, actress (King Kong), born.
In 1914 Battle of Aisne begins between Germans and French during WW I.
In 1916 Margaret Lockwood actress (Lady Vanishes), born.
In 1917 Russia proclaimed a republic by Alexander Kerensky.
In 1935 Nuremberg Laws deprives German Jews of citizenship and makes
the swastika the official symbol of Nazi Germany.
In 1938 British PM Chamberlain visits Hitler at Berchtesgarden.
In 1940 Tide turns in Battle of Britain in WW II, RAF beats Luftwaffe.
In 1946 Oliver Stone NYC, director (Wall St, Good Morning Vietnam,
In 1946 Tommy Lee Jones actor (Volcano, Batman Forever, Under Siege),
In 1952 UN turns over Eritrea to Ethiopia.
In 1959 Soviet Premier Khrushchev arrives in US to begin a 13-day
In 1961 Dan Marino NFL quarterback (Miami Dolphins), born.
In 1965 "Lost in Space" premiers.
In 1966 Gemini XI returns to Earth.
In 1970 Decca awards Bing Crosby a 2nd platinum disc for selling 300
In 1978 Muhammad Ali beats WBA heavyweight champion Leon Spinks.
In 1982 Israeli forces began pouring into west Beirut.
In 1984 Prince Henry Charles Albert David of Wales, 3rd in British
In 1988 Lillehammer, Norway upsets Anchorage to host 1994 Winter
In 1990 France announce it will send 4,000 troops to the Persian Gulf.
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In 1387 Henry V, king of England (1413-22), born.
In 1498 Death of Tomas de Torquemada, inquisitor who burned 10,000
In 1620 The Mayflower departs from Plymouth, England with 102 pilgrims
headed for the 'New World'.
In 1662 Flamsteed sees solar eclipse, first known astronomical
In 1810 Mexico first declares independence from Spain (National Day).
In 1812 Fire of Moscow.
In 1858 A. Bonar Law (C), British prime minister (1922-23), born.
In 1877 James J. Jeans, cosmologist and astrophysicist, born.
In 1908 William Crapo Durant incorporates General Motors.
In 1911 Wilfred Burchett, Australian Communist, journalist, writer,
In 1914 Allen Funt, voyeur, 'Candid Camera' creator, born.
In 1924 Lauren Bacall (in Staten Island, NY), actor, whistler (Dark
Passage, Key Largo, Always), born.
In 1925 B. B. King, singer, musician, born.
In 1925 Charlie Byrd, guitarist, born.
In 1927 Peter Falk, actor (Colombo, Princess Bride, In-Laws), born.
In 1945 Barometric pressure at 856 mb (25.55") off Okinawa (record
In 1946 James J. Jeans, astrophysicist, dies on his 69th birthday.
In 1947 First automobile to exceed 400 mph, John Cobb, Bonneville Salt
In 1949 Ed Begley, Jr., actor (St. Elsewhere, Real Genius, Spinal Tap),
In 1968 Richard Nixon appears on "Laugh-in".
In 1975 Papua New Guinea gains independence from Australia (National
In 1976 Episcopal Church approves ordination of women as priests and
In 1977 Maria Callas American-born Prima Donna dies in Paris at 53.
In 1984 "Miami Vice" premieres.
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- In 879 Charles III [The Simple], king of France (893-923),
In 1271 Wenceslas II king of Bohemia and Poland (1278-1305),
In 1774 Joseph Caspar Mezzofanti, Cardinal/linguist (understood
70 languages), born.
In 1789 William Herschel discovers Mimas, satellite of Saturn.
In 1857 Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, pioneer in rocket and space
In 1908 Thomas Selfridge becomes 1st fatality of powered flight.
In 1931 Anne Bancroft, aka Mrs. Mel Brooks, Bronx, actress
In 1934 1st 33 1/3 rpm recording released (Beethoven's 5th).
In 1939 Soviet Union invades Poland during WW II.
In 1953 1st successful separation of Siamese twins.
In 1955 Rita Rudner comedienne, born.
In 1963 "The Fugitive" premiers on TV in the USA.
In 1964 "Bewitched" premiers on TV in the USA.
In 1964 Supremes release "Baby Love".
In 1967 "Mission Impossible" premieres on TV in the
In 1972 "M*A*S*H" premiers on TV.
In 1990 Soviet Union and Saudi Arabia restore diplomatic ties.
In 1991 North and South Korea joins the UN.
- In 1810 Chile declares independence from Spain (National Day).
In 1851 "The New York Times" goes on sale at 2 cents a
In 1882 Pacific Stock Exchange opens (as the Local Security
In 1895 D.D. Palmer of Davenport, Iowa, becomes the first
In 1905 Greta Garbo (in Stockholm, Sweden), actor (Ninotchka,
Grand Hotel), born.
In 1920 Jack Warden, actor (Verdict, Brian's Song), born.
In 1932 Nikolai N. Rukavishnikov, Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz 10, 16,
In 1933 Robert Blake, actor (Little Rascals, Baretta), born.
In 1940 Frankie Avalon, singer (Four Seasons), born.
In 1965 "Get Smart" premiers.
In 1977 U.S. Voyager I takes the first space photograph of the
earth and moon together.
In 1980 Soyuz 38 carries 2 cosmonauts (1 Cuban) to Salyut 6 space
In 1984 Joe Kittinger completes first solo balloon crossing of
In 1356 English defeat French at Battle of Poitiers.
In 1655 Jan Luyts, Dutch scholar, physicist, mathematician, astronomer,
In 1812 Napoleon's retreat from Russia begins.
In 1848 Bond (U.S.) and Lassell (England) independently discover
In 1911 William Golding, English novelist (Lord of the Flies) (Nobel
In 1928 Mickey Mouse makes his screen debut in "Steamboat
In 1933 David McCallum, actor (Ilya Kuryakin in Man from U.N.C.L.E.),
In 1936 Al Oerter, US discus thrower, born.
In 1940 Paul Williams, singer, composer, actor, born.
In 1948 Jeremy Irons, English actor (French Lieutenant's Woman), born.
In 1949 Twiggy (Leslie Hornby) (in England), model, actor (Blues
In 1970 "Mary Tyler Moore Show" premiers.
In 1983 St Christopher-Nevis gains independence from Britain (Nat'l
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In 0086 Antoninus Pius, Roman Emperor
In 0357 Alexander III the Great, king of Macedonia, emperor
In 1519 Magellan starts first successful circumnavigation of the
In 1833 Ernesto Teodoro Moneta, Italian journalist (Nobel Peace Prize
In 1850 Slave trade abolished in DC, but slavery allowed to continue.
In 1854 British and French defeat Russians at Alma, in the Crimea.
In 1859 Patent granted on the electric range.
In 1860 The Prince of Wales, later to become King Edward VII, becomes
the first British royalty to visit the United States.
In 1863 Civil War Battle of Chickamauga, near Chattanooga, TN, ended.
In 1885 Ferdinand "Jelly Roll" Morton, jazz pianist,
In 1934 Sophia Loren (in Rome, Italy), actor (Desire Under the Elms,
In 1945 German rocket engineers begin work in U.S.
In 1951 First North Pole jet crossing
In 1954 First FORTRAN computer program run.
In 1970 Luna 16 lands on Moon's Mare Fecunditatis, drills core
In 1973 Billy Jean King beats Bobby Riggs in battle-of-sexes tennis
In 1985 Walt Disney World's 200-millonth guest.
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- In 1327 Edward II king of England (1307-1327), dies at 43.
In 1415 Frederick III Innsbruck Austria, German Emperor
In 1756 John Loudon McAdam created macadam road surface
In 1792 1st French Republic declared.
In 1866 H(erbert) G(eorge) Wells Bromley, England (War of the
In 1886 Teiichi Igarashi Japan, climbed Mt Fuji at age 99, born.
In 1897 NY Sun runs famous "Yes, Virginia there is a Santa
In 1912 Chuck Jones animator (Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck), born.
In 1931 Larry Hagman Fort Worth TX actor (I Dream of Jeannie,
In 1915 Stones at Stonehenge, England, sold at auction for £6,600.
In 1934 Leonard Cohen, Montreal, singer/songwriter (Death of
Ladies Man), born.
In 1937 J.R.R. Tolkein, publishes "The Hobbit".
In 1947 Stephen King suspense writer (Shining, Kujo), born.
In 1949 Federal Republic of [West] Germany created under 3-power
In 1949 Peoples Republic of China proclaimed.
In 1950 Bill Murray Evanston Ill, comedian (SNL, What About Bob,
In 1954 Nuclear submarine "Nautilus" is commissioned.
In 1957 Haakon VII king of Norway, dies, Olaf succeeds him.
In 1964 Malta gains independence from Britain.
In 1968 Ricki Lake actress (Hairspray, Ricki Lake Show), born.
In 1970 Luna 16 leaves the Moon.
In 1981 Belize gains independence from Britain (National Day).
In 1991 Armenia votes on whether to remain in the Soviet Union.
- In 1290 Bilbo Baggins (in Shire Reconning), born.
In 1694 Lord Chesterfield letter writer; introduced Gregorian
calendar (1752), born.
In 1791 Michael Faraday discovered principle of electric motor,
In 1878 Shigeru Yoshida Japanese PM (most of 1946-54), born.
In 1903 Italo Marchiony granted patent for the ice cream cone.
In 1939 Junko Tabei Japan, 1st woman to climb Mount Everest,
In 1949 USSR detonates its 1st atomic bomb.
In 1955 Commercial TV begins in England.
In 1960 Mali (without Senegal) gains independence from France
In 1980 Iraqi troops seize part of Iran in a border dispute; war
In 1991 California University makes the Dead Sea Scrolls public.
In 484 BC Euripides, ancient Greek playwright (Trojan
Women) (or 480 BC), born.
In 63 BC Octavian (Augustus Caesar), first Roman emperor, born.
In 1713 Ferdinand VI, king of Spain (1746-59), born.
In 1846 Johann Galle and Heinrich d'Arrest find the planet Neptune.
In 1877 Urbain J.J. Leverrier, codiscoverer of Neptune, dies.
In 1912 First Mack Sennett "Keystone Comedy" movie is
In 1920 Mickey Rooney, actor (too many credits to mention), born.
In 1926 Gene Tunney defeats Jack Dempsey for world heavyweight boxing
In 1926 John Coltrane, saxophonist, born.
In 1930 Ray Charles, entertainer extraordinaire, born.
In 1932 Kingdom of Saudi Arabia formed (National Day).
In 1949 Bruce "The Boss" Springsteen, rock musician (Born in
the USA), born.
In 1959 Jason Alexander (George in Seinfeld), born.
In 1961 First movie to become a TV series -- "How to Marry a
In 1962 ABC's first color TV series -- "The Jetsons".
In 1976 Soyuz 22 returns to Earth.
In 1977 Cheryl Ladd replaces Farrah Fawcett on "Charlie's
In 1977 Third test of the Space Shuttle Enterprise.
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In 1853 First round-the-world trip by yacht (Cornelius
In 1869 Black Friday -- Wall Street panics after Gould and Fisk attempt
to corner gold.
In 1870 Georges Claude, inventor of the neon light, born.
In 1895 First round-the-world trip by a woman on a bicycle (took 15
In 1896 F. Scott Fitzgerald (in St. Paul, MN), writer (Great Gatsby),
In 1930 John W. Young, astronaut (Gemini 3, 10, Apollo 10, 16, STS-1,
In 1934 John Brunner, British sci-fi author (Sheep Look Up), born.
In 1936 Jim Henson, creator of the Muppets, "our era's Charlie
Chaplin, Mae West, W. C. Fields, and Marx Brothers", born.
In 1942 Linda Eastman McCartney, singer, born.
In 1955 Pres Eisenhower suffered a heart attack on vacation in Denver.
In 1957 Eisenhower orders US troops to desegregate Little Rock schools.
In 1960 First atomic aircraft carrier, the "USS Enterprise",
In 1964 "The Munsters" premier.
In 1968 "60 Minutes" premiers.
In 1970 First Automated return of lunar sample by Luna 16.
In 1974 Guinea-Bissau gains independence from Portugal.
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In 1513 Vasco Nuez de Balboa is the first European to
see the Pacific Ocean.
In 1639 First printing press in America.
In 1644 Olaus Roemer, first to accurately measured speed of light,
In 1683 Jean Phillippe Rameau, French composer (baptized), born.
In 1725 Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot, designed and built first automobile,
In 1903 Mark Rothko, painter, born.
In 1906 Dmitri Shostakovich, Russian composer, born.
In 1926 Henry Ford announces the five day work week.
In 1944 Michael Douglas, actor, producer, born.
In 1952 Christopher Reeve, actor (Superman, Somewhere in Time), born.
In 1952 Mark Hamill, actor (Star Wars), born.
In 1956 First transatlantic telephone cable goes into operation.
In 1961 Heather Locklear, actor, born..
In 1973 Three-man crew of Skylab II make safe splashdown in Pacific
after 59 days.
In 1978 Pacific SW Airlines Boeing 727 and a Cessna private plane
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In 1687 Parthenon destroyed in war between Turks and
In 1729 Moses Mendelssohn, philosopher, critic, Bible translator, born.
In 1774 John Chapman, alias Johnny Appleseed, born.
In 1820 Frontiersman Daniel Boone died in Missouri at the age of 85.
In 1824 Kapiolani defies Pele (Hawaiian volcano goddess) and lives.
In 1888 T.S. Eliot, Anglican, playwright (Waste Land) (Nobel 1948),
In 1897 Paul VI, 262nd Roman Catholic pope (1963-78), born.
In 1898 George Gershwin, (in Brooklyn, NY), composer (Rhapsody in
In 1918 Meuse-Argonne offensive against the Germans began during WWI.
In 1941 Julio Iglesias, singer, born.
In 1948 Olivia Newton-John (in Cambridge, England), singer, born.
In 1948 Vladimir Remek, first Czechoslovakian space traveler (Soyuz
In 1950 UN troops in Korean War recaptured South Korean capital of
In 1957 Musical "West Side Story", opened on Broadway.
In 1962 TV comedy "The Beverly Hillbillies" premiered on CBS.
In 1962 Yemen Arab Republic proclaimed (National Day).
In 1966 Japan launches its first satellite in to space.
In 1969 Beatles release "Abbey Road" album.
In 1980 Soyuz 38 returns to Earth.
In 1983 Australia II won the America's Cup yacht race.
In 1983 Cosmonauts Titov and Strekalov are saved from exploding Soyuz
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In 1540 Society of Jesus (Jesuits) founded by Ignatius
In 1601 Louis XIII, king of France (1610-43), born.
In 1657 Sophia, regent of Russia (1682-89), born.
In 1783 Agustin I de Iturbide, emperor of Mexico (1822-23), born.
In 1825 Railroad transportation is born with first track in England.
In 1918 Sir Martin Ryle, British radio astronomer, astronomer royal
In 1922 Arthur Penn, stage and film director, born.
In 1938 The ocean liner Queen Elizabeth was launched at Glasgow.
In 1942 Actors Hume Cronyn and Jessica Tandy are married.
In 1952 Dumitru Prunariu, first Rumanian space traveler (on board Soyuz
In 1957 Cheryl Tiegs (in Minnesota), model and actor, born.
In 1958 Shaun Cassidy, singer, born.
In 1962 US sells Hawk anti-aircraft missiles to Israel.
In 1964 Warren Commission finds that Lee Harvey Oswald acted alone.
In 1973 Soyuz 12 is launched.
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In 106 B.C. Pompey (Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus) Rome,
In 551 B.C. Confucius (as celebrated in Taiwan), born.
In 1066 William the Conqueror lands in England.
In 1573 Caravaggio Italy, painter (or 1573), born.
In 1856 Edward Thompson US archeologist who explored Mayan ruins, born.
In 1858 Donati's comet becomes the 1st to be photographed.
In 1868 Battle of Alcolea, causes Queen Isabella II of Spain to flee to
In 1879 The city of Sydney inaugurates steam motor tram route.
In 1924 Marcello Mastroianni actor (La Dolce Vita), born.
In 1925 Seymour Cray inventor (Cray I computer), born.
In 1939 Soviet-German treaty agree on 4th partition of Poland (WW II) and
gives Lithuania to the USSR.
In 1948 Phil Hartman comedian (SNL, Newsradio, Simpsons (Voice of Troy
In 1957 Albert Ascoli Italian developed anti-tuberculosis vaccine, dies.
In 1958 Guinea votes for independence from France.
In 1959 Explorer VI reveals an intense radiation belt around the Earth.
In 1964 Harpo Marx comedian (Marx Bros), dies at 75.
In 1968 Beatles' "Hey Jude", single goes #1 and stays #1 for 9
In 1978 Pope John Paul I dies after 33 days as pope.
In 1986 Record 23,000 start in a marathon (Mexico City).
In 1989 Ferdinand Marcos deposed president of Philippines, dies.
In 1990 Marvin Gaye gets a star on Hollywood's walk of fame.
In 1991 Miles Davis jazz musician, dies at 65 from pneumonia.
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In 1364 Battle of Auray, English forces defeat French
In 1755 Robert Lord Clive, founded British empire in India, born.
In 1758 Horatio Nelson Burnham Thorpe, Britain, naval hero at
In 1793 Tennis is 1st mentioned in an English sporting magazine.
In 1829 Scotland Yard formed in London.
In 1895 Louis Pasteur dies.
In 1901 Enrico Fermi, Italy, nuclear physicist, born.
In 1907 Gene Autry, singer/actor/Calif Angels owner, born.
In 1929 Bob Newhart Oak Park IL, actor/comedian (Bob Newhart Show),
In 1930 Richard Bonynge, Sydney Australia, conductor (Australian
Orchestra Sydney-1976), born.
In 1931 Anita Ekberg, Sweden, actress (La Dolce Vita, War and Peace),
In 1935 Jerry Lee Lewis, singer (Great Balls of Fire, Breathless),
In 1943 Lech Walesa, Popowo, Poland, leads Polish Solidarity (Nobel
In 1943 Eisenhower and Italian Marshal Pietro Badoglio sign an
In 1944 Soviet troops invade Yugoslavia.
In 1959 Sultan of Brunei promulgates a constitution.
In 1963 Rolling Stones 1st tour (opening act for Bo Diddley and Everly
In 1966 Bechuanaland gains independence from England, becomes Botswana.
In 1969 Erika Eleniak, actress (Under Siege, Beverly Hillbillies),
In 1977 Soviet space station Salyut 6 launched into Earth orbit.
In 1979 Pope John Paul II becomes 1st pope to visit Ireland.
In 1986 USSR releases US journalist Nicholas Daniloff confined on spy
In 1988 Charles Addams cartoonist (Addams Family), dies at 76 of heart
In 1988 26th Space Shuttle mission, Discovery 7 launched.
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In 1452 First book published, Johann Guttenberg's Bible.
In 1627 Robinson Crusoe, according to Daniel Defoe
In 1659 Robinson Crusoe is shipwrecked (according to Defoe).
In 1846 William Morris first uses ether in the first tooth extraction
under anesthesia at Charlestown, Mass.
In 1870 Jean Perrin, French physicist, studied Brownian motion (Nobel
In 1921 Deborah Kerr (in Helensburg, Scotland), actor (King and I, Night
of the Iguana)
In 1924 Truman Capote, a short short story writer (In Cold Blood)
In 1928 Elie Wiesel, author (Souls on Fire), Nazi hunter (Nobel 1986)
In 1931 Angie Dickinson (in Kulm, ND), actor
In 1935 Johnny Mathis, singer
In 1938 Munich Agreement-forces Czechoslovakia to give territory to
In 1939 First manned rocket flight (by auto maker Fritz von Opel).
In 1944 Calais reoccupied by Allies.
In 1955 James Dean, actor, died in a car crash (born Feb 08, 1931)
In 1960 "The Flintstones" premieres. Yabba Dabba Doo!
In 1966 Botswana gains independence from Britain (National Day).
In 1967 USSR's Kosmos 186 and 188 complete the 1st automatic docking.
In 1978 Tuvalu (Ellis Islands) gains independence from Britain.
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